The term Moors has referred to several historic and modern populations from Northern Africa, the Berbers, who came to conquer, occupy and rule most of the Iberian Peninsula throughout much of the Middle Ages. At that time they were Muslim, leading to a conflict with European Christendom called the Reconquista. The Moors called their Iberian territory Al Andalus, comprising most of what is now Spain and Portugal.
The Andalusian Moors of the late Medieval era inhabited the Iberian Peninsula after the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in the early 8th century. The Moors’ rule stretched at times as far as modern-day Mauritania, West African countries, and the Senegal River.
Today such groups inhabit Mauritania and parts of Algeria, western Sahara, Morocco, Niger and Mali.